Q/ADr Zakir NaikScholar English

Is Music Permitted in Islam

Could you just confirm did the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم speak against music?
There is a great difference of opinion as far as the Muslims are concerned with the music is allowed or not whether it’s permitted or not. But there is no verse in the Quran directly prohibiting music. But there are indications Allah says in the Quran, in Sura lookman Look man,

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَشْتَرِي لَهْوَ الْحَدِيثِ لِيُضِلَّ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ وَيَتَّخِذَهَا هُزُوًا ۚ أُولَـٰئِكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُّهِينٌ
But there are some who employ theatrics, only to lead others away from Allah’s Way—without any knowledge—and to make a mockery of it. They will suffer a humiliating punishment.

that among them there are those people, who purchase idle tails without knowledge and without meaning. And they mislead the people away from the path of Allah subhanaw taala. and ridiculed the path of Allah subhanaw taala, these are the people who will receive a humiliating punishment.

So based on this Tafseer
this idol tails, without knowledge without meaning, refers to an Islamic songs and the musical instruments if we did the fussy, as far as the prophet prohibiting music, there are various sahi hadith. So if you did the hadith of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم, then there’ll be no doubt whether it’s permitted or prohibited. Our Beloved Prophet masala Salam said, it’s mentioned in, Sahih Al Bukhari Vol.7, Book of drinks hadith 5590.

The beloved Prophet said that, from among my followers, there’ll be some people who will make illicit fix that is adultery and fornication, as well as wearing of silk, drinking in toxic ins. And using musical instruments as legal. there will be among my people who will make some things which are illegal, that is adultery, fornication, wearing a silk, having intoxicants and the Playing of music instruments as legal.

Now, this hadith, when it says that they will make certain things legal, and we know that in toxic incense haram, we know very well the adultery fornication haram, because it is mentioned along with these things which are forbidden. Musical instruments are mentioned along with them, it indicate that the Prophet have prohibited them, but some people will make it legal. And we know there are some scholars who today do permit that playing of musical instruments is allowed.

So this hadith is very clear in saying that musical instruments are haram. But there are other say Hadith, which do permit some musical instruments especially the duff, that the temporary. If you daddy of a beloved Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم, Sahih Al Bukhari Vol.5 Book of Maghaazi hadith 4001

where it is said that Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم after consuming his marriage, he came and he said outside along with on the Sabbath, when two small girls were playing the tambourine, that is a duff and they were praising that Saba his father have died in jihad. And when they started praising the Prophet, they said, Don’t praise me. You can say what you’re saying earlier, indicating that the Prophet did not prohibit them from playing the temporary, furthermore that hadith in Sahih Al Bukhari Vol. 2 Book of Eidain hadith 987
Where the Prophet while he was lying down, this Hadith is narrated By hazrat ayesha (ra).
she says that two small girls were playing the tambourine and they were singing, when Khalid Abu Bakr the father of hazrat ayesha (ra), he comes and he says to them, just stop it. No, Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم was sleeping on a cart it, that let them do it. These are the days of Eid, we let them do it. Furthermore, there’s a hadith in Sunan Al Tirmidhi Book of manaaqib hadith 3690.
When a beloved Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم, he says that there was a person who approached you the prophet, and tells him that I had vowed to Allah subhanaw taala, that if you come back victoriously, I will thing and I will play the duff, I will bind the tambourine. The Prophet said, if you have vowed that do it. If you have not found, then don’t do it.

So these Hadith do indicate that musical instrument per se is haram, except for the duff the temporary the Prophet did permitted sometimes.

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